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Singing Alankar Pratham

Indian classical music is one of the oldest as well as complicated music forms in the world which is considered to be originated during the Vedic period. Indian classical music is regarded as pure and was primarily used as a mode to realise God in olden times and hence was performed only in the temples. Around 17th century, music became more open, flexible and accessible to common people. Indian classical music is deeply rooted in Indian culture and tradition and each place has great impact on music.

There are two branches to the traditional Indian classical music; they are Carnatic and Hindustani music. The Carnatic music is complex and is mostly practiced in the Southern part of India with particular form of Ragas and Talas. Carnatic music basically contains 7 Ragas and 72 Talas and is used in a rhythmic pattern. The three saints in Carnatic music are Thyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Shyama Shashtri who have composed thousands of Krithis which are still favoured by musicians. Here more emphasis is given to vocal singer, hence the training in this form of music is started from a very early age and a well qualified master is also needed for teaching Carnatic music. These compositions are also taught in all Carnatic singing classes in Pune to train the students who want to excel in this style of music.

Hindustani music unlike Caranatic music is greatly influenced by Persian and Islamic cultures and is more prominent in North India. The heritage of Hindustani music goes back to Sufi age. The melodic pattern is brought in to the music with intelligent use of Ragas known as Aaroha and Avaroha. The main styles of vocal Hindustani classical music are Dhrupad, Khayal and Tarana. At Gandharva Mahavidyalaya, students are given training in these forms of music.

Gandharva Mahavidyalaya is one of the reputed singing classes in Pune. Gandharva Mahavidyalaya established by Pt. V. Patwardhan, the most senior disciple of Pt Vishnu Digambar Patwardhan who wished to spread music to the common people, aims at educating and promoting music like Hindustani and instrument music like Harmonium and Tabla to the common people.

Here special care is given to bring out the best in a very student so that they can perform Hindustani classical music at international levels. Here the students also get the opportunity to perform and participate in well acclaimed concerts which is not available in any other singing classes in Pune. With years of experience and dedication GMV is preferred as one of best singing classes in Pune. GMV also introduces Sugam Sangeet into the various music courses which cover Bhavgeet, Natyageet and more. There is music courses organised for kids who are more than 5 years of age and the course is named as Balgeet.

  • Course Objectives
  • Course Contents

These being the final two years, the student will automatically have gained a certain level of maturity in his/her understanding as well as performance. These two practical examinations will be conducted in a concert set-up. Thus, the student will need the confidence and a firm grasp of the art of music in order to make his/her performance impressive.

  • Swar- The student is assumed to be proficient at writing as well as reading notation very minutely. He/she should also be able to make new compositions on the spot, as may be required in the examination.
  • Raag - The student is expected to have in-depth knowledge about raags like Gujri Todi, Maru Bihag, Shyam Kalyan, Shuddha Kalyan, Paraj, Nayaki Kanada, Devgiri Bilawal, etc. Apart from this, he/she will also be tested for an overall understanding of raags like Bhairav Bahar, Kalavati, Abhogi, Basant Bahar, Chandrakauns, Hansadhwani, etc. For the performance part of the exam, the student can choose any one raag, to be presented in detail, and a thumri, bhajan or any other form of semi-classical or light music. He/she should be aware of the complexities of the bandish and taal, as well as compositions such as dhrupad-dhamaar, taranas, chatranga, etc in the raags enumerated for detailed study. The student should also have a collection of compositions which show the different styles of singing or playing. Comprehensive knowledge about the raags in the syllabus is expected. As part of this, he/she should be able to discuss the debates prevalent, make a comparative study of similar raags, etc. for the written examination.
  • Taal - The student should have the ability to show all the commonly used taals in different laya like double, triple, quadruple, as well as one and half times, one and one-fourth times, etc.
  • Theory - The student should know the history and should be able to make a comparative study of the notation methods in Indian music. He/she should also have attained expertise in the different forms of music and styles of playing of instruments. Apart from this, he/she should be able to discuss the importance of shrutis and kan-swars in singing, the properties of sound, swars, and the development of the swar-octave. Also, he/she should know about the principles of the tanpura, different ways of tuning the tanpura, etc.