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Tabla Madhyama Purna

Tabla is the main percussion instrument used mainly in Hindustani classical Vocal music as well as Carnatic Vocal music. This musical instrument has been greatly influenced by the Arabic and Persian cultures, the name Tabla is derived from the Arabic word Tabla which means drums. Tabla - musical instrument has mainly two drums which should be played using the fingers and palms. The tabla classes in Pune are traditionally conducted on a one on one basis and the tradition is still continued by many tabla gurus teaching in various tabla classes in Pune. However, with the progression of time, the classes have been made more systematic and organised in many tabla classes.

Most of the tabla classes in Pune promote this systematic oral procedure in training of tabla. The language used for the descriptions is known as Bols - the sounds that drums make with each stroke. Gandharva Mahavidyalaya offers excellent tabla classes in Punewhich are designed as per different study levels and abilities of the students ensuring teaching in the best possible way.

The tabla classes conducted in GMV have maximum six students per batch which makes sure each student is given adequate personal attention and detailed knowledge sharing. Gandharva Mahavidyalaya also conducts online Tabla classes where the lessons are given with the help of Skype, the free video conferencing tool. Students can take up diverse courses in Tabla ranging from Prarambhik to Visharad. Online exams are also conducted by Gandharva Mahavidyalaya; after successful completion of the course and examination, students receive the certification from the Mahavidyalaya.

  • Course Objectives
  • Course Contents

Gharana is an important concept in Indian music. From this level onwards, it is expected that the student be aware of which gharana the tabla he/she is learning belongs to. To assess this, the student will be asked to make references to his/her gharana at various points.

  • Practical - The student will be trained to play Tilwada, Jhumra, and Punjabi taals in vilambit laya according to their khanda, with tukdas, mukhda, and then catch the sam at the appropriate point. Also, playing in aad, ku-aad, double and quadruple laya and then coming back to the original laya will be expected at this level. The student has to show practically how the taals learnt thus far are used for vocal music, and which laya they are played in. Taking this further, he/she will be taught to recognise the sam in vocal forms of music and accompany the composition accordingly. Also, the student will be expected to recite kaaydas in Teentaal and Jhaptaal while showing the theka with the hands. Apart from this, kaaydas in Dilli, Benaras and Farukhabad gharanas will have to be played in double and quadruple tempos. The student should also be able to play peshkaar, kaaydas, gat and gat tukda in Teentaal and Jhaptaal solo for fifteen minutes with the accompaniment of the lehraa. Also, being able to read and play bols written on paper is an important skill that has to be mastered here.
  • Theory - In the written examination, the student will be asked to write one kaayda each of two gharanas in the appropriate notation method, and give adequate information about the same. In the same vein, he/she is expected to have comprehensive knowledge about the various gharanas in tabla and their styles, and the ten elements of tabla playing. Definitions that are included in this year’s syllabus are peshkaar, kaayda, rou, gat, gatparat, jaati, grah, and tipalli. The student will also be taught to compose and write the notation of tihaais in different taals. He/she must be well-acquainted with the different forms of vocal music such as khyaal, tarana, bhajan, dadra and dhrupad. Apart from this, the student will be required to describe the gharana that he/she belongs to, and the well-known musicians associated with that gharana. He/she will also have to explain the significance of different components such as the tabla, dagga, chaat, lav, thaap, and syaahi while playing the bols learnt thus far. At this level, the student is also expected to have his/her own opinions about taal and the role it plays in our life and in music, and should be able to express these clearly.